The relationship between work done and the time taken to do it can be explained using the concept of power. For example, several sprinters in a race may have the same velocity when they reach the finish line, therefore doing the same amount of work, but the winner does it in the least amount of time. Thus, power is defined as the rate of doing work. Since work can vary as a function of time, the average power is defined as the work done during a time interval, divided by the time interval. Average power is called instantaneous power when the time interval is close to zero.

The power involved in moving a body can also be expressed in terms of the forces acting on it. If a force *F* acts on a body that is displaced ds in a time *dt*, the power expended by the force is

where *v* is the velocity of the body. The fact that the limits implied by the derivatives exist for the motion of a real body justifies the rearrangement of the infinitesimals.

*This text is adapted from** Openstax, University Physics Volume 1, Section 7.4: Power.*

ABOUT JoVE

Copyright © 2024 MyJoVE Corporation. All rights reserved