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Abstract

Protocol

Representative Results

Materials

Chemistry

Scientific Measurement and Lab Skills

Published: Not Published

  1. Preparation of the Laboratory

    Here, we show the laboratory preparation for 10 students working individually, with some excess. Please adjust quantities as needed.

    • To set up for this lab experiment, wear the appropriate personal protective equipment, including a lab coat, chemical splash goggles, and gloves.
    • Prepare a 1.5 x 10-5 M erythrosin B red dye solution. To prepare 500 mL of this solution, weigh 0.0066 g of erythrosin B on an analytical balance.
    • Transfer the erythrosin B to a 250-mL Erlenmeyer flask. Then, measure 200 mL of deionized water and add it to the flask. Place a magnetic stir bar in the flask, set the flask on a stir plate, and mix the solution until it appears homogeneous.
    • Use a funnel to pour the solution into a 500-mL volumetric flask, and carefully fill the flask to the line using deionized water. Seal the top of the flask with paraffin film and invert it several times until the solution is well-mixed.
    • Label a 500-mL squeeze bottle with the concentration and transfer the solution into the bottle. Store the bottle on a mat in the hood. Note: Take significant figures into account.
    • Place acetone in an area so that students have access to it during the lab. Note: Each student will need about 40 mL.
    • Set weigh boats, scoops, and a container of sand next to a balance. Note: Each student will need about 3 g.
    • Place an organic waste container in a central hood.
    • Set out the following glassware and equipment at each student lab station (we suggest students work independently during this lab):
       1    50-mL beaker
       1    100-mL beaker
       1    250-mL beaker
       1    400-mL beaker
       1    600-mL beaker
       1    500-mL filter flask
       1    Büchner funnel
       1    10-mL graduated cylinder
       1    Watch glass
       1    5-mL volumetric pipette
       1    10-mL volumetric pipette
       1    10-mL capacity pipetter
       1    10-mL volumetric flask
       1    String (18 in)
       1    Silicone vacuum tubing (18 in)
       1    12-in ruler
       1    Rubber adapter
       1    Rubber stopper
       1    Glass stirring rod
       1    Rubber policeman
       1    Disposable pipette
       1    Bottle of deionized water
       1    Lab mat
       1    Box of filter papers (1 filter paper per student)

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How can you visualize the relationship between two measured variables?

To display the relationship between two variables, plot the data points with the dependent variable on the y-axis and the independent variable on the x-axis. This is called a two-dimensional graph.

How can you tell whether a variable is independent or dependent?

The variable that you want to be able to predict based on another variable is t.......

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  • Acetone (40 mL/student)
    400 mL
  • Sand (3 g/student)
    30 g
  • 50-mL beaker
    10
  • 100-mL beaker
    10
  • 250-mL beaker
    10
  • 400-mL beaker
    10
  • 600-mL beaker
    10
  • 500-mL filter flask
    10
  • 83-mm Büchner funnel
    10
  • 10-mL graduated cylinder
    10
  • Watch glass
    10
  • 5-mL volumetric pipette
    10
  • 10-mL volumetric pipette
    10
  • 10-mL capacity pipetter
    10
  • 10-mL volumetric flask
    10
  • String (18 in)
    10
  • Silicon vacuum tubing (18 in)
    10
  • 12-inch ruler
    10
  • Rubber adapter (size 4)
    10
  • Rubber stopper (size 15)
    10
  • Glass stirring rod
    10
  • Rubber policeman
    10
  • Disposable pipette
    10
  • 250-mL bottle of deionized water
    10
  • Filter paper (1 per student)
    10
  • Lab mats (+1 for instructor)
    10
  • Weigh boats
    20
  • 500-mL volumetric flask
    1
  • 250-mL Erlenmeyer flask
    1
  • 200-mL graduated cylinder
    1
  • Powder funnel
    1
  • Magnetic stir bar
    1
  • Stir plate
    1
  • 500-mL wash bottle
    1
  • Plastic paraffin film
    1 roll
  • Weighing paper
    1
  • Erythrosin B
    0.0066 g
  • Deionized water
    500 mL
  • Lab spatula
    -1 Dependent on the lab size
  • Analytical balance
    -1 Dependent on the lab size

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