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Abstract

Introduction

Protocol

Representative Results

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Acknowledgements

Materials

References

Immunology and Infection

A High-throughput Platform for the Screening of Salmonella spp./Shigella spp.

Published: November 7th, 2018

DOI:

10.3791/58200

1State Key Laboratory of Diarrhea Disease Detection, Zhuhai International Travel Healthcare Center

Salmonella spp./Shigella spp. are common pathogens attributed to diarrhea. Here, we describe a high-throughput platform for the screening of Salmonella spp./Shigella spp. using real-time PCR combined with guided culture.

Fecal-oral transmission of acute gastroenteritis occurs from time to time, especially when people who handled food and water are infected by Salmonella spp./Shigella spp. The gold standard method for the detection of Salmonella spp./Shigella spp. is direct culture but this is labor-intensive and time-consuming. Here, we describe a high-throughput platform for Salmonella spp./Shigella spp. screening, using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) combined with guided culture. There are two major stages: real-time PCR and the guided culture. For the first stage (real-time PCR), we explain each step of the method: sample collection, pre-enrichment, DNA extraction and real-time PCR. If the real-time PCR result is positive, then the second stage (guided culture) is performed: selective culture, biochemical identification and serological characterization. We also illustrate representative results generated from it. The protocol described here would be a valuable platform for the rapid, specific, sensitive and high-throughput screening of Salmonella spp./Shigella spp.

Diarrhea is still a common health issue with a high incidence rate globally1,2. Though the mortality is relatively low, some patients show various symptoms for weeks (such as loose and watery stools, an urgency to go to the bathroom), which make the socioeconomic impact very high3,4. More seriously, some patients may even develop irritable bowel syndrome if left untreated5. There are various kinds of bacteria, viruses and parasites that can cause diarrhea6. Salmonella spp./Shigella spp. ....

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The protocol follows the guidelines set by the human research ethics committee of Zhuhai International Travel Healthcare Center. Please use standard sterile operation during the experiment.

1. Culture Media Composition and Preparation

  1. Prepare Nutrient Broth: Dissolve 1% peptone, 0.3% beef extract, 0.5% sodium chloride, 0.1% glucose in H2O, adjust pH to 7.5 and autoclave it in 121 °C for 15 min.
  2. Prepare Selenite Cystine medium: Dissolve 0.5% peptone, 0.4% l.......

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The protocol was applied for the screening of Salmonella spp./Shigella spp. in anal stool samples from people who would handle food and water.

In the real-time PCR step, as shown in Figure 5A, there was a successful amplification in HEX channel, which meant that the mixed sample was positive for Salmonella spp. Then a further real-time PCR was conducted on.......

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Since Salmonella spp./Shigella spp. are often associated with food poisoning and fecal-oral transmission of acute gastroenteritis28,29 and the routine method is either labor-intensive or time-consuming7, we describe a high-throughput platform for the Salmonella spp./Shigella spp. screening, using real-time PCR combined with guided culture.

There are several steps that need con.......

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This work was supported by the Science and Technology Program of Zhuhai, China (grant number 20171009E030064), the Science and Technology Program of Guangdong, China (grant number 2015A020211004) and the Science and Technology Program of General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China (grant number 2016IK302, 2017IK224).

....

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Name Company Catalog Number Comments
Tris Sigma 10708976001
EDTA Sigma 798681
NP40 Sigma 11332473001
ddH2O Takara 9012
PrimeSTAR HS (Premix) Takara R040Q
Nutrient Broth LandBridge CM106
Nutrient agar LandBridge CM107
Selenite Cystine medium LandBridge CM225
XLD LandBridge CM219
MAC  LandBridge CM908
Salmonella chromogenic agar CHROMagar SA130
Salmonella diagnostic serum Tianrun SAL60
Shigella diagnostic serum Tianrun SHI54
anal swab (collecting tube plus) Huachenyang
slide Mingsheng 7102
micro-loop Weierkang W511
incubator Jinghong DNP-9082
autoclave AUL SS-325
dry bath Jinghong KB-20
automated microbial identification system bioMérieux VITEK2 other equivalent system could be used
fluorescent real-time PCR machine ThermoFisher ABI7500 other equivalent machine could be used

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