JoVE Logo
Faculty Resource Center

Sign In

Summary

Abstract

Introduction

Protocol

Representative Results

Discussion

Acknowledgements

Materials

References

Neuroscience

Free-Hand Intracerebroventricular Injections in Mice

Published: January 12th, 2024

DOI:

10.3791/65324

1Department of Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University

Here, a simple and rapid approach for performing intracerebroventricular injections in mice using a free-hand approach (that is, without a stereotaxic device) is described.

The investigation of neuroendocrine systems often requires the delivery of drugs, viruses, or other experimental agents directly into the brains of mice. An intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection allows the widespread delivery of the experimental agent throughout the brain (particularly in the structures near the ventricles). Here, methods for making free-hand ICV injections in adult mice are described. By using visual and tactile landmarks on the heads of mice, injections into the lateral ventricles can be made rapidly and reliably. The injections are made with a glass syringe held in the experimenter's hand and placed at approximate distances from the landmarks. Thus, this technique does not require a stereotaxic frame. Furthermore, this technique requires only brief isoflurane anesthesia, which permits the subsequent assessment of mouse behavior and/or physiology in awake, freely behaving mice. Free-hand ICV injection is a powerful tool for the efficient delivery of experimental agents into the brains of living mice and can be combined with other techniques such as frequent blood sampling, neural circuit manipulation, or in vivo recording to investigate neuroendocrine processes.

The delivery of experimental agents, such as drugs1, viruses2, or cells3, to the brain is often necessary for neuroendocrine research. If the agent does not readily cross the blood-brain barrier or the experimental objective is to specifically test the central effects of the agent, it is important to have a reliable method for delivering injections into the brain. Moreover, injection into the intracerebroventricular (ICV) space provides the opportunity to distribute the agent widely in the brain and provides a large target area, thus increasing the likelihood of successful injection

  • Kim, J. Y., Grunke, S. D., Levites, Y., Golde, T. E., Jankowsky, J. L. Intracerebroventricular viral injection of the neonatal mouse brain for persistent and widespread neuronal transduction. Journal of Visualized Experiments. (91), e51863 (2014).
  • Taylor, Z. V., Khand, B., Porgador, A., Monsonego, A., Eremenko, E. An optimized intracerebroventricular injection of CD4(+) T cells into mice. STAR Protocols. 2 (3), 100725 (2021).
  • Russo, K. A., et al. Circadian control of the female reproductive axis through gated responsiveness of the RFRP-3 system to VIP signaling. Endocrinology. 156 (7), 2608-2618 (2015).
  • Laursen, S. E., Belknap, J. K. Intracerebroventricular injections in mice. Some methodological refinements. Journal of Pharmacological Methods. 16 (4), 355-357 (1986).
  • Haley, T. J., McCormick, W. G. Pharmacological effects produced by intracerebral injection of drugs in the conscious mouse. British Journal of Pharmacology and Chemotherapy. 12 (1), 12-15 (1957).
  • McCosh, R. B., et al. Insulin-induced hypoglycaemia suppresses pulsatile luteinising hormone secretion and arcuate Kiss1 cell activation in female mice. Journal of Neuroendocrinology. 31 (12), e12813 (2019).
  • Wu, J., et al. Transcardiac perfusion of the mouse for brain tissue dissection and fixation. Bio-Protocol. 11 (5), e3988 (2021).
  • Comba, A., et al. Laser capture microdissection of glioma subregions for spatial and molecular characterization of intratumoral heterogeneity, oncostreams, and invasion. Journal of Visual Experiments. (158), e60939 (2020).
  • Porteous, R., et al. Reformulation of PULSAR for analysis of pulsatile LH secretion and a revised model of estrogen-negative feedback in mice. Endocrinology. 162 (11), (2021).
  • Hohmann, J. G., et al. Differential role of melanocortins in mediating leptin's central effects on feeding and reproduction. American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative, and Comparative Physiology. 278 (1), R50-R59 (2000).
  • Gottsch, M. L., et al. A role for kisspeptins in the regulation of gonadotropin secretion in the mouse. Endocrinology. 145 (9), 4073-4077 (2004).
  • Krasnow, S. M., et al. A role for galanin-like peptide in the integration of feeding, body weight regulation, and reproduction in the mouse. Endocrinology. 144 (3), 813-822 (2003).
  • This article has been published

    Video Coming Soon

    JoVE Logo

    Privacy

    Terms of Use

    Policies

    Research

    Education

    ABOUT JoVE

    Copyright © 2024 MyJoVE Corporation. All rights reserved