JoVE Logo
Faculty Resource Center

Sign In





Representative Results






Enhanced Photoluminescence of Curcuma longa Extracts via Chitosan-Mediated Energy Transfer for Textile Authentication Applications

Published: December 22nd, 2023



1Department of Science and Technology, Smart Colorants R&D Program, Philippine Textile Research Institute

Photoluminescence is one of the most effective authentication mechanisms being used today. Utilizing and enhancing naturally sourced materials with inherent photoluminescent properties and incorporating them into fabric substrates can lead to development of green, sustainable, and functional textiles for smart applications.

Dyes for security markings play a pivotal role in safeguarding the integrity of products across various fields, such as textiles, pharmaceuticals, food, and manufacturing among others. However, most commercial dyes used as security markings are costly and may contain toxic and harmful substances that pose a risk to human health. Curcumin, a natural phenolic compound found in turmeric, possesses distinct photoluminescent properties alongside its vibrant yellow color, making it a potential candidate material for authentication applications. This study demonstrates a cost-effective and eco-friendly approach to develop enhanced photoluminescent emissions from curcumin dyes for textile authentication. Curcumin was extracted from C. longa using sonication-assisted-solvent extraction method. The extract was dip-coated and dyed into the textile substrates. Chitosan was introduced as a post-mordanting agent to stabilize the curcumin and as a co-sensitizer. Co-sensitization of curcumin with chitosan triggers energy transfer to enhance its luminescent intensity. The UV-visible absorption peak at 424 nm is associated with the characteristic absorption of curcumin. The photoluminescence measurements showed a broad emission peaking at 545 nm with significant enhancement attributed to the energy transfer induced by chitosan, thus showing great potential as a naturally derived photoluminescent dye for authentication applications.

Counterfeiting is considered a scourge in widespread industries across the globe. The rapid surge of counterfeit products in the market causes economic havoc, which impedes the livelihood of the primary inventor1,2,3,4,5,6. This was brought to the fore in 20207 on the ongoing concern of emerging counterfeit products as evidenced by the increasing trend of publications consisting of the keyword anticounterfeiting or counterfeiting in their title....

Log in or to access full content. Learn more about your institution’s access to JoVE content here

1. Extraction of curcumin

  1. Weigh 3 g of C. longa powder in a 50 mL centrifuge tube.
    NOTE: A 50 mL centrifuge tube was used to ease the centrifugation process and process the extraction on a single container.
  2. Add 38 mL of ethanol (AR, 99%) to the centrifuge tube. Shake the tube gently to ensure thorough mixing of ethanol with the C. longa powder.
  3. Sonicate the tube for 30 min at normal sonic mode and high intensity setting for extraction.
  4. To.......

Log in or to access full content. Learn more about your institution’s access to JoVE content here

FTIR analyses of fibers determine the chemical structure of each fiber represented in the multi-tester fabrics #1. FTIR spectroscopy was utilized in order to characterize the functional groups present in each component of the multi-test fabrics. As shown in Supplementary Figure 1, the distinction occurs due to the presence of N-H functional groups, which leads to the fabric being subcategorized into nitrogenous (Supplementary Figure 1A) .......

Log in or to access full content. Learn more about your institution’s access to JoVE content here

Textile finishing is a common practice within the industry in order to incorporate additional functional properties onto the fabrics, making them more suitable for specific applications45,47,48. In this study, the extracted curcumin was utilized as a natural dye to serve as authentication mechanisms for textile applications. The protocols give emphasis not only to the extraction of curcumin from turmeric, but also to the differe.......

Log in or to access full content. Learn more about your institution’s access to JoVE content here

This work is supported by the Department of Science and Technology - Philippine Textile Research Institute under the DOST Grants-in-Aid (DOST-GIA) Project entitled Covert Technology Towards Sustainability and Protection of the Philippine Textile Sectors under the Digitalization of the Philippine Handloom Weaving Industry Program.


Log in or to access full content. Learn more about your institution’s access to JoVE content here

NameCompanyCatalog NumberComments
(Curcumin) C. longa, spray dried N/AN/ANaturally Sourced
100 mL Graduated Cylindern/a
10 mL Serological Pipetten/a
200 mL Beakern/a
365 nm UV LightAloneFireSV004 LG
50 mL Centeifuge Tuben/a
AATCC Multitester FabricTestfabrics, Inc.401002AATCC Multifiber test fabric # 1 precut pieces of 2 X 2 inches, Heat Sealed
Analytical BalanceSatoriusBSA 224S-CW
ATR- FTIRBrukerBruker Tensor II
CentrifugeHermle Labortechnik GmbHZ 206 A
ChitosanTokyo Chemical Industries9012-76-4
Digital  CameraToupTekXCAM1080PHB
Drying Rackn/a
EthanolChem-Supply64-17-5Undenatured, 99.9% purity
Glacial Acetic AcidRCI-Labscan64-19-7AR Grade, 99.8% purity
Glass Sliden/a
Iron Clampn/a
Iron Standn/a
Magnetic StirrerCorningPC-620D
Pasteur Pipetten/a
Propan-2-olRCI-Labscan67-63-0AR Grade, 99.8% purity
SonicatorJeio Tech Inc.UCS-20
Spectrofluorometer Horiba (Jovin Yvon)Horiba Fluoromax Plus
Stirring Barn/a
UV-Vis SpectrophotometerAgilentCary UV 100
Wash bottlen/a
Zoom Stereo MicroscopeOlympusSZ61

  1. Eisend, M., Hartmann, P., Apaolaza, V. Who buys counterfeit luxury brands? A meta-analytic synthesis of consumers in developing and developed markets. J Int Market. 25 (4), 89-111 (2017).
  2. Agrawal, T. K., Koehl, L., Campagne, C. Uncertainty modelling in knowledge engineering and decision making. World Scientific Procedings Series. , (2012).
  3. Cakin, M. B., Dincer, A. T. A. . Turkish studies-comparative religious studies. , (2023).
  4. Albarq, A. N. Counterfeit products and the role of the consumer in Saudi Arabia. Am J Indust Busi Manag. 5 (12), 819-827 (2015).
  5. Boamah, F., Ayesu, S. M., Crentsil, T., Pardie, S. P. The effect of academic textiles studies on the Ghana textile industry. Africa J Appl Res. 8 (2), 186-196 (2022).
  6. Bruce-Amarty, E. J., Amissah, E. R. K., Safo-Ankama, K. The decline of Ghana's textile industry: Its effects on textile education in Ghana. Art Design Studies. 22, 36-44 (2014).
  7. Abdollahi, A., Roghani-Mamaqani, H., Razavi, B., Salami-Kalajahi, M. Photoluminescent and chromic nanomaterials for anticounterfeiting technologies: Recent advances and future challenges. ACS Nano. 14 (11), 14417-14492 (2020).
  8. Norum, P. S., Cuno, A. Analysis of the demand for counterfeit goods. J Fashion Market Manage: An Int J. 15 (1), 27-40 (2011).
  9. Okonkwo, I. E., Abiala, W. Justification of counterfeits a microscopic view from a trademark perspective. Mayne Quart Law Rev. 6 (4), 1-7 (2021).
  10. Quoquab, F., Pahlevan, S., Mohammad, J., Thurasamy, R. Factors affecting consumers' intention to purchase counterfeit product. Asia Pac J Market Log. 29 (4), 837-853 (2017).
  11. Dalal, H. Challenges: A study of Textile Industry in India. Pramana Res J. 9 (5), 423-429 (2019).
  12. Mushi, H. M., Mohd Noor, N. A. Consumer behaviour and counterfeit purchase in the Tanzanian mainland. Global Bus Manage Rev (GBMR). 8 (1), 49-64 (2022).
  13. Ren, S., et al. Highly bright carbon quantum dots for flexible anti-counterfeiting. J Mat Chem C. 10 (31), 11338-11346 (2022).
  14. Liu, R. S. . Phosphors, Up Conversion Nano Particles, Quantum Dots and Their Applications. , (2017).
  15. Chang, K., et al. Conjugated polymer dots for ultra-stable full-color fluorescence patterning. Small. 10 (21), 4270-4275 (2014).
  16. Fatahi, Z., Esfandiari, N., Ranjbar, Z. A New anti-counterfeiting feature relying on invisible non-toxic fluorescent carbon dots. J Anal Test. 4 (4), 307-315 (2020).
  17. Abd El-Hack, M. E., et al. Curcumin, the active substance of turmeric: its effects on health and ways to improve its bioavailability. J Sci Food Agri. 101 (14), 5747-5762 (2021).
  18. Bener, M., Özyürek, M., Güçlü, K., Apak, R. Optimization of microwave-assisted extraction of curcumin from Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) and evaluation of antioxidant activity in multi-test systems. Rec. Nat. Prod. 10 (5), 542-554 (2016).
  19. Van Nong, H., et al. Fabrication and vibration characterization of curcumin extracted from turmeric (Curcuma longa) rhizomes of the northern Vietnam. Springerplus. 5 (1), 1147 (2016).
  20. Kolev, T. M., Velcheva, E. A., Stamboliyska, B. A., Spiteller, M. DFT and experimental studies of the structure and vibrational spectra of curcumin. Int J Quantum Chem. 102 (6), 1069-1079 (2005).
  21. Mohajeri, M., Behnam, B., Tasbandi, A., Jamialahmadi, T., Sahebkar, A. . Studies on biomarkers and new targets in aging research in Iran: Focus on turmeric and curcumin. , (2021).
  22. Hay, E., et al. Therapeutic effects of turmeric in several diseases: An overview. Chem Biol Interact. 310, 108729 (2019).
  23. Ahmad, R. S., et al. Biochemistry, safety, pharmacological activities, and clinical applications of turmeric: A mechanistic review. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2020, 7656919 (2020).
  24. Tsaplev, Y. B., Lapina, V. A., Trofimov, A. V. Curcumin in dimethyl sulfoxide: Stability, spectral, luminescent and acid-base properties. Dyes Pigments. 177, 108327 (2020).
  25. Chignell, C. F., et al. Spectral and photochemical properties of curcumin. Photochem Photobiol. 59 (3), 295-302 (1994).
  26. Sun, X., Gao, C., Cao, W., Yang, X., Wang, E. Capillary electrophoresis with amperometric detection of curcumin in Chinese herbal medicine pretreated by solid-phase extraction. J Chromatogr A. 962 (1-2), 117-125 (2002).
  27. Takenaka, M., et al. Effective extraction of curcuminoids by grinding turmeric (Curcuma longa) with medium-chain triacylglycerols. Food Sci Technol Res. 19 (4), 655-659 (2013).
  28. Heffernan, C., Ukrainczyk, M., Gamidi, R. K., Hodnett, B. K., Rasmuson, &. #. 1. 9. 7. ;. C. Extraction and purification of curcuminoids from crude curcumin by a combination of crystallization and chromatography. Org Process Res Dev. 21 (6), 821-826 (2017).
  29. Paramasivam, M., Poi, R., Banerjee, H., Bandyopadhyay, A. High-performance thin layer chromatographic method for quantitative determination of curcuminoids in Curcuma longa germplasm. Food Chem. 113 (2), 640-644 (2009).
  30. Priyadarsini, K. I. The chemistry of curcumin: from extraction to therapeutic agent. Molecules. 19 (12), 20091-20112 (2014).
  31. Nhujak, T., Saisuwan, W., Srisa-art, M., Petsom, A. Microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography for separation and analysis of curcuminoids in turmeric samples. J Sep Sci. 29 (5), 666-676 (2006).
  32. Kim, Y. J., Lee, H. J., Shin, Y. Optimization and validation of high-performance liquid chromatography method for individual curcuminoids in turmeric by heat-refluxed extraction. J Agri Food Chem. 61 (46), 10911-10918 (2013).
  33. Patel, K., Krishna, G., Sokoloski, E., Ito, Y. Preparative separation of curcuminoids from crude curcumin and turemric powder by pH-zone refining countercurrent chromatography. J Liq Chrom Rel Tech. 23 (14), 2209-2218 (2007).
  34. Paulucci, V. P., Couto, R. O., Teixeira, C. C. C., Freitas, L. A. P. Optimization of the extraction of curcumin from Curcuma longa rhizomes. Rev Bras Farmacogn. 23 (1), 94-100 (2013).
  35. Ali, I., Haque, A., Saleem, K. Separation and identification of curcuminoids in turmeric powder by HPLC using phenyl column. Anal. Methods. 6 (8), 2526-2536 (2014).
  36. Li, M., Ngadi, M. O., Ma, Y. Optimisation of pulsed ultrasonic and microwave-assisted extraction for curcuminoids by response surface methodology and kinetic study. Food Chem. 165, 29-34 (2014).
  37. Mandal, V., Mohan, Y., Hemalatha, S. Microwave assisted extraction of curcumin by sample-solvent dual heating mechanism using Taguchi L9 orthogonal design. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 46 (2), 322-327 (2008).
  38. Shankar, M., Palani, S., Nivedha, D. Extraction of Curcumin from Raw Turmeric (Curcuma longa.)-A Comparative Study, Using Soxhlet, Chemical, Chromatographic, and Spectroscopic Methods and Determining its Bioavailability. Int J Mod Dev in Eng Sci. 1 (6), 67-72 (2022).
  39. Kurmudle, N., Kagliwal, L. D., Bankar, S. B., Singhal, R. S. Enzyme-assisted extraction for enhanced yields of turmeric oleoresin and its constituents. Food Biosci. 3, 36-41 (2013).
  40. Chassagnez-Méndez, A. L., Corrêa, N. C. F., França, L. F. d., Machado, N. T. d., Araújo, M. E. A mass transfer model applied to the supercritical extraction with CO2 of curcumins from turmeric rhizomes (Curcuma longa L). Brazil J Chem Eng. 17, 315-322 (2000).
  41. Ghoreishian, S. M., Maleknia, L., Mirzapour, H., Norouzi, M. Antibacterial properties and color fastness of silk fabric dyed with turmeric extract. Fibers Poly. 14 (2), 201-207 (2013).
  42. Safapour, S., Sadeghi-Kiakhani, M., Doustmohammadi, S. Chitosan-cyanuric chloride hybrid as an efficient novel bio-mordant for improvement of cochineal natural dye absorption on wool yarns. J Textile Inst. 110 (1), 81-88 (2018).
  43. Vahur, S., Teearu, A., Peets, P., Joosu, L., Leito, I. ATR-FT-IR spectral collection of conservation materials in the extended region of 4000-80 cm(-)(1). Anal Bioanal Chem. 408 (13), 3373-3379 (2016).
  44. Gunasekaran, S., Natarajan, R., Natarajan, S., Rathikha, R. Structural investigation on curcumin. Asian J Chem. 20 (4), 2903 (2008).
  45. Kim, H. J., et al. Curcumin dye extracted from Curcuma longa L. used as sensitizers for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells. Int J Electrochem Sci. 8 (6), 8320-8328 (2013).
  46. Singh, P. K., Wani, K., Kaul-Ghanekar, R., Prabhune, A., Ogale, S. From micron to nano-curcumin by sophorolipid co-processing: highly enhanced bioavailability, fluorescence, and anti-cancer efficacy. RSC Adv. 4 (104), 60334-60341 (2014).
  47. Holmquist, H., et al. Properties, performance and associated hazards of state-of-the-art durable water repellent (DWR) chemistry for textile finishing. Environ Int. 91, 251-264 (2016).
  48. Berradi, M., et al. Textile finishing dyes and their impact on aquatic environs. Heliyon. 5 (11), e02711 (2019).
  49. Behera, M., Nayak, J., Banerjee, S., Chakrabortty, S., Tripathy, S. K. A review on the treatment of textile industry waste effluents towards the development of efficient mitigation strategy: An integrated system design approach. J Environ Chem Eng. 9 (4), 105277 (2021).
  50. Massella, D., Giraud, S., Guan, J., Ferri, A., Salaün, F. Textiles for health: a review of textile fabrics treated with chitosan microcapsules. Environ Chem Lett. 17 (4), 1787-1800 (2019).
  51. Wang, F., Huang, W., Jiang, L., Tang, B. Quantitative determination of proteins based on strong fluorescence enhancement in curcumin-chitosan-proteins system. J Fluoresc. 22 (2), 615-622 (2012).
  52. Yang, M., Wu, Y., Li, J., Zhou, H., Wang, X. Binding of curcumin with bovine serum albumin in the presence of iota-carrageenan and implications on the stability and antioxidant activity of curcumin. J Agric Food Chem. 61 (29), 7150-7155 (2013).
  53. Sneharani, A. H., Karakkat, J. V., Singh, S. A., Rao, A. G. Interaction of curcumin with beta-lactoglobulin-stability, spectroscopic analysis, and molecular modeling of the complex. J Agric Food Chem. 58 (20), 11130-11139 (2010).

This article has been published

Video Coming Soon

JoVE Logo


Terms of Use





Copyright © 2024 MyJoVE Corporation. All rights reserved