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Summary

Abstract

Introduction

Protocol

Representative Results

Discussion

Acknowledgements

Materials

References

Chemistry

Enhanced Photoluminescence of Curcuma longa Extracts via Chitosan-Mediated Energy Transfer for Textile Authentication Applications

Published: December 22nd, 2023

DOI:

10.3791/66035

1Department of Science and Technology, Smart Colorants R&D Program, Philippine Textile Research Institute

Photoluminescence is one of the most effective authentication mechanisms being used today. Utilizing and enhancing naturally sourced materials with inherent photoluminescent properties and incorporating them into fabric substrates can lead to development of green, sustainable, and functional textiles for smart applications.

Dyes for security markings play a pivotal role in safeguarding the integrity of products across various fields, such as textiles, pharmaceuticals, food, and manufacturing among others. However, most commercial dyes used as security markings are costly and may contain toxic and harmful substances that pose a risk to human health. Curcumin, a natural phenolic compound found in turmeric, possesses distinct photoluminescent properties alongside its vibrant yellow color, making it a potential candidate material for authentication applications. This study demonstrates a cost-effective and eco-friendly approach to develop enhanced photoluminescent emissions from curcumin dyes for textile authentication. Curcumin was extracted from C. longa using sonication-assisted-solvent extraction method. The extract was dip-coated and dyed into the textile substrates. Chitosan was introduced as a post-mordanting agent to stabilize the curcumin and as a co-sensitizer. Co-sensitization of curcumin with chitosan triggers energy transfer to enhance its luminescent intensity. The UV-visible absorption peak at 424 nm is associated with the characteristic absorption of curcumin. The photoluminescence measurements showed a broad emission peaking at 545 nm with significant enhancement attributed to the energy transfer induced by chitosan, thus showing great potential as a naturally derived photoluminescent dye for authentication applications.

Counterfeiting is considered a scourge in widespread industries across the globe. The rapid surge of counterfeit products in the market causes economic havoc, which impedes the livelihood of the primary inventor1,2,3,4,5,6. This was brought to the fore in 20207 on the ongoing concern of emerging counterfeit products as evidenced by the increasing trend of publications consisting of the keyword anticounterfeiting or counterfeiting in their title....

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1. Extraction of curcumin

  1. Weigh 3 g of C. longa powder in a 50 mL centrifuge tube.
    NOTE: A 50 mL centrifuge tube was used to ease the centrifugation process and process the extraction on a single container.
  2. Add 38 mL of ethanol (AR, 99%) to the centrifuge tube. Shake the tube gently to ensure thorough mixing of ethanol with the C. longa powder.
  3. Sonicate the tube for 30 min at normal sonic mode and high intensity setting for extraction.
  4. To.......

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FTIR analyses of fibers determine the chemical structure of each fiber represented in the multi-tester fabrics #1. FTIR spectroscopy was utilized in order to characterize the functional groups present in each component of the multi-test fabrics. As shown in Supplementary Figure 1, the distinction occurs due to the presence of N-H functional groups, which leads to the fabric being subcategorized into nitrogenous (Supplementary Figure 1A) .......

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Textile finishing is a common practice within the industry in order to incorporate additional functional properties onto the fabrics, making them more suitable for specific applications45,47,48. In this study, the extracted curcumin was utilized as a natural dye to serve as authentication mechanisms for textile applications. The protocols give emphasis not only to the extraction of curcumin from turmeric, but also to the differe.......

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This work is supported by the Department of Science and Technology - Philippine Textile Research Institute under the DOST Grants-in-Aid (DOST-GIA) Project entitled Covert Technology Towards Sustainability and Protection of the Philippine Textile Sectors under the Digitalization of the Philippine Handloom Weaving Industry Program.

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NameCompanyCatalog NumberComments
(Curcumin) C. longa, spray dried N/AN/ANaturally Sourced
100 mL Graduated Cylindern/a
10 mL Serological Pipetten/a
200 mL Beakern/a
365 nm UV LightAloneFireSV004 LG
50 mL Centeifuge Tuben/a
AATCC Multitester FabricTestfabrics, Inc.401002AATCC Multifiber test fabric # 1 precut pieces of 2 X 2 inches, Heat Sealed
Analytical BalanceSatoriusBSA 224S-CW
Aspiratorn/a
ATR- FTIRBrukerBruker Tensor II
CentrifugeHermle Labortechnik GmbHZ 206 A
ChitosanTokyo Chemical Industries9012-76-4
Digital  CameraToupTekXCAM1080PHB
Drying Rackn/a
EthanolChem-Supply64-17-5Undenatured, 99.9% purity
Glacial Acetic AcidRCI-Labscan64-19-7AR Grade, 99.8% purity
Glass Sliden/a
Iron Clampn/a
Iron Standn/a
Magnetic StirrerCorningPC-620D
Pasteur Pipetten/a
Propan-2-olRCI-Labscan67-63-0AR Grade, 99.8% purity
SonicatorJeio Tech Inc.UCS-20
Spectrofluorometer Horiba (Jovin Yvon)Horiba Fluoromax Plus
Stirring Barn/a
UV-Vis SpectrophotometerAgilentCary UV 100
Wash bottlen/a
Zoom Stereo MicroscopeOlympusSZ61

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