General Considerations in the Older Adult
Source: Jennifer A. Ouellet and Jaideep Talwalkar; Yale School of Medicine
To meet the needs of older adults, all health professionals should be well acquainted with the history and physical examination considerations unique to this population. Physical examination plays an important role in the older patient to detect physiologic changes of aging, risk factors, and signs of pathology. While most of the general principles of the standard examination for adults apply to older patients, there are additional specific considerations. For example, focused examinations of cognitive and functional status are critical, as are assessments of hearing, vision, nutritional status, and the nervous system. This video will provide an overview of key aspects of the physical examination in older adults, including the use of standardized tools such as the 4 M's, the Timed Get Up and Go, and the Mini-Cog.
1. General considerations in the older adult
|Pulse Pressure (systolic blood pressure-diastolic blood pressure)
|>40 mmHg may indicate stiff vasculature 2/2 atherosclerosis
|Systolic Blood Pressure Standing < 10 mmHg than S
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