Functional groups are groups of atoms with specific chemical properties that occur within organic molecules and are sometimes denoted as “R”. Functional groups can “functionalize” a compound by enabling it to adopt different physical and chemical properties.
The table below summarizes some of the major functional groups in organic chemistry.
|Class of Organic Compounds
|Skeletal Structures of Compounds with Functional Groups in Red
|Names of Compounds
|Acid or acyl chloride
|Ethanoic acid (Acetic acid)
|Methyl dihydrogen phosphate
Copyright © 2024 MyJoVE Corporation. All rights reserved