Immunology and Infection
Published: March 2nd, 2016
We demonstrate the procedure for intra-tracheal inoculation of Haemophilus influenzae into the lower respiratory tracts of mice. This is a very useful tool to study signaling pathways that regulate airway inflammation in mouse models.
Here, we describe a detailed procedure to efficiently and directly deliver Haemophilus influenzae into the lower respiratory tracts of mice. We demonstrate the procedure for preparing H. influenzae inoculum, intra-tracheal instillation of H. influenzae into the lung, collection of broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF), analysis of immune cells in the BALF, and RNA isolation for differential gene expression analysis. This procedure can be used to study the lung inflammatory response to any bacteria, virus or fungi. Direct tracheal instillation is mostly preferred over intranasal or aerosol inhalation procedures because it more efficiently delivers the bacterial inoculum into the lower respiratory tract with less ambiguity.
Inflammation is a fundamental immune mechanism of defense against infectious agents. It promotes pathogen eradication and repair of damaged tissue. It also facilitates the recovery to a normal healthy state1. However, dysregulated inflammation often leads to chronic inflammatory diseases2. Airway inflammation is an initial trigger for different pulmonary diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and pulmonary fibrosis3.
The non-typeable (unencapsulated) Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is associated with chronic upper and lower lung inflammatory diseases4,5. It is....
All experiments were performed in accordance with the guidelines of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) of Baylor Research Institute.
1. Culturing Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) and Preparing the Inoculum
Intra-tracheal instillation resulted in a markedly increased number of leukocytes in the BALF (Figure 1A, left panel) than installation with saline. The differential count analysis of the leukocytes clearly showed increased neutrophil infiltration (Figure 1, right panel). The FACS analysis of the cells in the BALF further confirmed the increased number of neutrophils (Figure 1B). Histological analysis of H&E-stained sections of the lu.......
Herein, we describe a unique and minimally invasive procedure to inoculate the lungs of mice with a bacterial lung pathogen. We demonstrate that this procedure can be used to study the function of different genes using mice that are deficient in genes of inflammatory signaling pathways. This procedure can also be used to study the inflammatory responses to viral and fungal lung infections. The advantages of this procedure over other methods such as intranasal or aerosol inhalation are (1) in this procedure, the pathogeni.......
We thank Dr. Carson Harrod for critical reading of the manuscript. We also thank Mr. Minghui Zeng and Drs. Mahesh Kathania and Prashant Khare for their contributions. This work was supported by grants from the American Cancer Society (Research Scholar grant, 122713-RSG-12-260-01-LIB) and the Sammons Cancer Center (Pilot Project grant) to K. Venuprasad.....
|Chocolate agar plate
|Deft quick solution
|Syringe needle 20/26G
|Dissecting Scissors, straight, 10 cm long
|Iris Forceps, serrated, 10cm long
|Tweezer #5 Stainless steel, 11cm long
|5ml polystyrene round-bottom tubes
|1.5 ml Microcentrifuge tubes
|Reasy Mini kit
|Pellet pestile motor (Tissue homoginizer)
|96 well microtiter plates V bottom
|Working dilution 1:100
|Working dilution 1:100
|RBC Lysis Buffer (10X)
|Live/Dead fixable aqua dead cell stain kit
|Facs tubes polystyrene round bottom tube
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