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Immunology and Infection

Characterization of Human Monocyte-derived Dendritic Cells by Imaging Flow Cytometry: A Comparison between Two Monocyte Isolation Protocols

Published: October 18th, 2016

DOI:

10.3791/54296

1Department of Immunology, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, 2Millipore Sigma

This study compares two different methods of human monocyte isolation for obtaining in vitro dendritic cells (DCs). Monocytes are selected by adherence or negatively enriched by magnetic separation. Monocyte yield and viability along with MDDC viability, proliferation and CD11c/CD14 surface marker expression will be compared between both methods.

Dendritic cells (DCs) are antigen presenting cells of the immune system that play a crucial role in lymphocyte responses, host defense mechanisms, and pathogenesis of inflammation. Isolation and study of DCs have been important in biological research because of their distinctive features. Although they are essential key mediators of the immune system, DCs are very rare in blood, accounting for approximately 0.1 - 1% of total blood mononuclear cells. Therefore, alternatives for isolation methods rely on the differentiation of DCs from monocytes isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The utilization of proper isolation techniques that combine simplicity, affordability, high purity, and high yield of cells is imperative to consider. In the current study, two distinct methods for the generation of DCs will be compared. Monocytes were selected by adherence or negatively enriched using magnetic separation procedure followed by differentiation into DCs with IL-4 and GM-CSF. Monocyte and MDDC viability, proliferation, and phenotype were assessed using viability dyes, MTT assay, and CD11c/ CD14 surface marker analysis by imaging flow cytometry. Although the magnetic separation method yielded a significant higher percentage of monocytes with higher proliferative capacity when compared to the adhesion method, the findings have demonstrated the ability of both techniques to simultaneously generate monocytes that are capable of proliferating and differentiating into viable CD11c+ MDDCs after seven days in culture. Both methods yielded > 70% CD11c+ MDDCs. Therefore, our results provide insights that contribute to the development of reliable methods for isolation and characterization of human DCs.

Dendritic cells (DCs) are essential mediators of the innate and adaptive immune systems. They function to induce primary immune responses and facilitate the development of immunological memory. These cells are primarily responsible for antigen capture, migration and T cell stimulation and are therefore referred to as professional antigen presenting cells (APCs) 1.Manipulation of DCs could be utilized across a wide variety of research fields and in the clinical setting to treat different inflammatory diseases such as HIV 6,7, cancer 8, autoimmune diseases 9, and allergic responses 10. DCs are also being used for su....

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Overall human blood studies have been reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of FIU, IRB protocol approval # IRB-13-0440. Human leukopaks were purchased from the community blood bank in Miami, FL.

1. Isolation of PBMCs by Standard Density Gradient Technique

  1. Perform a 1:1 dilution of blood with 1x-phosphate-buffered saline in a T75 flask.
  2. Pipette 15 ml of density gradient solution into 50 ml centrifuge tubes and carefully layer (25 - 30 ml/tube) of t.......

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Monocyte Yield by Magnetic Separation is Higher Compared to Monocyte Yield by Adherence Method

Data presented in Figure 1 display PBMC and monocyte cell counts by the trypan blue exclusion method at the day of isolation of PBMCs and separation of monocytes. On average, monocytes isolated by the adherence method accounted for approximately 6.2 percent of total PBMCs while monocytes isolated by ma.......

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Based on the known difficulties of isolating and generating MDDCs from human blood, the present study aimed to provide a comprehensive comparison of two well-established methods for the generation of MDDCs. The first method compared is a well-established traditional method for generating MDDCs by exploiting the ability of monocytes to adhere to glass or plastic (adherence method) 21,22,27. The adherence method is fast and cost effective, and does not require the use of complex equipment. However, some disadvan.......

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This research is supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, award K99/R00 AA021264. Additional lab support as part of startup package has been received from the Department of Immunology, Institute of NeuroImmune Pharmacology, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, and FIU- Office of Research and Economic Development. Gianna Casteleiro was supported by NIH/NIGMS R25 GM061347. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

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Name Company Catalog Number Comments
Ficoll-Paque GE Healthcare 17-5442-03 Must be used at room temperature
Phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) Life Technologies 10010-023
ACK Lysing buffer Quality Biological 118-156-101
RPMI 1640 medium Life Technologies 22400-089
Antibiotic-Antimycotic (100X) Life Technologies 15240-062
Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS) Life Technologies 16000-044
RoboSep buffer StemCell 20104
EasySep Human monocyte enrichment kit StemCell 19059
TC20 Automated cell counter Bio-Rad 145-0101
FITC-Dextran Sigma Aldrich FD4-100MG
Trypan blue stain (0.4%) Life Technologies 15250-061
Synergy 2 multi-mode reader Biotek 7131000
XTT Sodium salt bioreagent (XTT) Sigma Aldrich X4626-100MG
Dimethyl sulfoxide bioreagent (DMS) Sigma Aldrich D8418-500ML
Thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) Sigma Aldrich m5655-500MG
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) Bio-Rad 161-0302
Phenazine Methosulfate (DMSO) Sigma Aldrich P9626-1G
Inactivated (HI) Human Serum Chemicon S1-100ML
Accuri C6 Flow Cytometer BD Accuri 653119
FlowSight Amnis Flow Cytometer EMD Millipore 100300

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