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Abstract

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Behavior

Effects of Surgical Masks on Cardiopulmonary Function in Healthy Subjects

Published: February 12th, 2021

DOI:

10.3791/62121

1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, 2The Rehabilitation Medicine Lab of Guangzhou Medical University, 3Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Enhanced Recovery after Abdominal Surgery, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, 4Department of Rehabilitation Therapy, Guangzhou Medical University, 5Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sun University
* These authors contributed equally

We study the effect of surgical masks on cardiopulmonary function based on a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). This study shows that surgical masks reduce cardiopulmonary exercise capacity and ventilation in healthy young subjects and wearing masks might affect aerobic exercise capacity more in female subjects than in male subjects.

We study the effect of surgical masks on cardiopulmonary function based on a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). This study shows that surgical masks reduce cardiopulmonary exercise capacity and ventilation in healthy young subjects and wearing masks might affect aerobic exercise capacity more in female subjects than in male subjects.

Wearing a face mask in public areas might impede the spread of an infectious disease by preventing both the inhalation of infectious droplets and their subsequent exhalation and dissemination1. Although the effect of reducing the risk of transmission of respiratory viruses remains controversial, wearing masks remains one of the major ways people in the community have chosen to prevent the spread of droplets among individuals in daily life2,3,4.

Different types of masks have different effects on increasing expiratory resistan....

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The clinical project was approved by the Medical Ethics Association of the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (No. KY01-2020-06-06) and has been registered at the China Clinical Trial Registration Center (No. ChiCTR2000033449) and entitled "The effects of masks on cardiopulmonary and lower limb function".

1. Participant recruitment

  1. Include subjects between 18 and 26 years old: who can pass the PAR-Q test6; are physically health.......

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Ten subjects (five males and five females) from the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine at Guangzhou Medical University were recruited in this pilot study. The participants had similar baseline characteristics, such as age (mean age: male 21.00 ± 1.58 years; female 21.20 ± 0.45 years) and physical fitness [sports activity and body mass index (BMI)]. There were no significant differences in age, height, or BMI between the male and female groups. Moreover, for the spirometry, th.......

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CPET provides valuable insights into the comprehensive functions of cardiovascular, ventilation, and skeletal muscle systems13. We proposed a CPET protocol on mask-on and mask-off conditions to explore the effect of the surgical mask on the cardiopulmonary function in healthy young subjects.

The design of this protocol was based on three main points. First, we recruited young healthy college students as the subjects for the study due to relatively high intensityof CPET .......

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This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation for Young Scientists of China (No.81902281); General Guidance Project of Guangzhou Health and Family Planning Commission (No.20191A0011091 and 20201A011108), Guangdong Provincial Department of Education (No. 2019KQNCX119) and Guangzhou Key Laboratory Fund (No.201905010004). This study also thanks Lixin Zhang, Peilin Ruan, Kaihang Ji, and Gulifeiya Tuerxun from Guangzhou Medical University for data collection.

....

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Name Company Catalog Number Comments
Cardiopulmonary test system COSMED Srl - Italy K4b2 Pulmonary Function Equipment
Cycle for CPET COSMED Srl - Italy ergoline 100P cycle ergometer 100 P w/BP
Eectrocardiograph  COSMED Srl - Italy Quark T12x 12-Channel ECG Street Test Unit
Mask COSMED Srl - Italy Small,Medium,Large V2 Mask
Software COSMED Srl - Italy PFT SUITE PC Software
Surgical masks

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