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Three-Dimensional Reconstruction for the Whole Lung with Early Multiple Pulmonary Nodules

Published: October 13th, 2023



1Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 2Beijing Intelligent Entropy Science & Technology Co Ltd., 3Center for Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine, Beijing You An Hospital, Capital Medical University, 4Fever Outpatient Clinic, Dongzhimen Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine

This study introduces a three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction method for the entire lung in patients with early multiple pulmonary nodules. It offers a comprehensive visualization of nodule distribution and their interplay with lung tissue, simplifying the assessment of diagnosis and prognosis for these patients.

For patients with early multiple pulmonary nodules, it is essential, from a diagnostic perspective, to determine the spatial distribution, size, location, and relationship with surrounding lung tissue of these nodules throughout the entire lung. This is crucial for identifying the primary lesion and developing more scientifically grounded treatment plans for doctors. However, pattern recognition methods based on machine vision are susceptible to false positives and false negatives and, therefore, cannot fully meet clinical demands in this regard. Visualization methods based on maximum intensity projection (MIP) can better illustrate local and individual pulmonary nodules but lack a macroscopic and holistic description of the distribution and spatial features of multiple pulmonary nodules.

Therefore, this study proposes a whole-lung 3D reconstruction method. It extracts the 3D contour of the lung using medical image processing technology against the background of the entire lung and performs 3D reconstruction of the lung, pulmonary artery, and multiple pulmonary nodules in 3D space. This method can comprehensively depict the spatial distribution and radiological features of multiple nodules throughout the entire lung, providing a simple and convenient means of evaluating the diagnosis and prognosis of multiple pulmonary nodules.

Early multiple pulmonary nodules, which are small, round growths on the lung, can be benign or malignant1,2,3. Although solitary pulmonary nodules are easier to diagnose and treat, patients with early multiple pulmonary nodules face significant diagnostic and treatment challenges. To develop effective treatment plans, it is essential to accurately identify the spatial distribution, size, location, and relationship with surrounding lung tissue of these nodules throughout the whole lung4,5. Traditi....

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For the present study, ethical clearance was obtained from The Ethics Committee of Dongzhimen Hospital, affiliated with Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (DZMEC-KY-2019.90). In this specific case, a methodical description of the research approach is provided, outlining a case involving a 65-year-old female patient with multiple pulmonary nodules. This patient provided informed consent for her diagnosis through digital modeling and authorized the use of her data for scientific research purposes. The model reconstruct.......

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In the data preprocessing stage, DICOM data sorting should be the first step (Figure 1) to ensure the correct scan sequence for each layer during 3D reconstruction. Next, isotropic transformation is performed to ensure the correct aspect ratio of the 3D volume (Figure 2). Afterward, spatial filtering is applied to the original 3D volume (Figure 3) to eliminate interference signals from the patient couch of the CT equipment (

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This research introduces a unique approach for creating a complete three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the entire lung, employing advanced medical image processing techniques to delineate the lung's 3D shape amidst the context of a full chest scan. This technique offers a more precise and thorough depiction of the spatial arrangement and radiological characteristics of early multiple nodules across the entire lung. This study makes a valuable contribution to enhancing the accuracy and efficacy of diagnostic and .......

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This publication was supported by the fifth national traditional Chinese medicine clinical excellent talents research program organized by the National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The official network link is


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Name Company Catalog Number Comments
MATLAB MathWorks  2022B Computing and visualization 
Tools for Modeling Intelligent Entropy PulmonaryNodule V1.0 Beijing Intelligent Entropy Science & Technology Co Ltd.
Modeling for CT/MRI fusion

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