Published: April 12th, 2019
Here, we present a protocol to construct a pleural effusion model in rats by intratracheal instillation of polyacrylate/nanosilica.
Pleural effusion is a prevalent clinical finding of many pulmonary diseases. Having a useful animal pleural effusion model is very important to study these pulmonary diseases. Previous pleural effusion models paid more attention to biological factors rather than nanoparticles in the environment. Here, we introduce a model to make pleural effusion in rats by intratracheal instillation of polyacrylate/nanosilica, and a method of nanoparticle isolation in the pleural effusion. By intratracheal instillation of polyacrylate/nanosilica with concentrations of 3.125, 6.25 and 12.5 mg/kg∙mL, the pleural effusion in rats presented on day 3, peaked at days 7-10 in 6.25 and 12.5 mg/kg∙mL groups, then slowly decreased and disappeared on day 14. When the concentration of polyacrylate/nanosilica increased, the pleural effusion is produced more and faster. This pleural fluid was detected by ultrasound examination or CT chest scanning and confirmed by dissection of rats. Silica nanoparticles were observed in the rats' pleural effusion by transmission electron microscope. These results showed that the exposure to polyacrylate/nanosilica leads to the induction of pleural effusion, which was consistent with our previous report in humans. Additionally, this model is beneficial for the further study of nanotoxicology and the pleural effusion diseases.
Pleural effusion is a very common clinical manifestation of pulmonary diseases with a variety of causes. Having a useful animal pleural effusion model is very important to study these pulmonary diseases, the roles of the two pleural membrane layers, the mechanisms of pleural effusion, and its treatment. However, some reported pleural effusion models mainly focus on the malignant pleural effusion or biological factors rather than the nanoparticles in the environment1,2. Here, we introduce a new model of pleural effusion that is simple, safe and effective.
With the development of nano....
The study followed guidelines of Capital Medical University (Beijing, P.R China) for the care and use of experimental animals. All procedures were approved by the Animal Ethical Committee of Capital Medical University in China.
1. Experimental preparations
NOTE: Acclimate the female specific pathogen-free Wistar rats (weight: 200 ± 10 g) to the experimental environments for a week before administration (Environmental conditions: light/dark:12h/12h, temperature 22.......
Using a thoracic ultrasound, we found no pleural effusions on day 1 in all groups. However, on day 3, the pleural effusion appeared in the 6.25 and 12.5 mg/kg∙mL groups. The effusion was mainly in the right costal phrenic angle, while the pericardial effusion only presented in 12.5 mg/kg∙mL group. Furthermore, on day 7, both pleural effusion (Video 1) and pericardial effusion (Video 2) were detected in 6.25 mg/kg∙mL group (
Sonography is the most convenient tool for determining pulmonary diseases, due to its excellent sensitivity to the free fluid in the pleural cavity11. That is because sonography can immediately detect the contrast in acoustic impedance of air and fluids in the lung12. Besides, sonography is more flexible in a small animal's model than CT. Nevertheless, the air in the lung reflected the sound wave and impeded from observing the intrapulmonary changes after nanoparticles .......
The present study and production to this article were funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 81773373, 81172614 and Grant 81441089). We thank Dr. Jin Yan and Dr. Pan Yujie, of Department of Emergency, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, and Dr. Qu Peng of Department of Ultrasound Medicine, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital for helping with the video production.....
|Acuson S2000 Color Doppler ultrasound system
|Siemens Medical Solutions, Mountain View ,CA
|Fudan University,Shanghai, China
|made by order with nanosilica(20±5)nm
|10% chloral hydrate
|Beijing Chemical Works
|Transmission electron microscope
|JEM-1400Plus，JEOL Ltd., Japan.
|Light speed 16 spiral computed tomography
|GE Healthcare, US
|Specific pathogen-free Wistar
|Animal Center of Lianhelihua (Beijing, China)
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