Published: March 14th, 2021
Here, we present a new protocol to study and map the targeted deposition of drug carriers to endothelial cells in fabricated, real-sized, three-dimensional human artery models under physiological flow. The presented method may serve as a new platform for targeting drug carriers within the vascular system.
The use of three-dimensional (3D) models of human arteries, which are designed with the correct dimensions and anatomy, enables the proper modeling of various important processes in the cardiovascular system. Recently, although several biological studies have been performed using such 3D models of human arteries, they have not been applied to study vascular targeting. This paper presents a new method to fabricate real-sized, reconstructed human arterial models using a 3D printing technique, line them with human endothelial cells (ECs), and study particle targeting under physiological flow. These models have the advantage of replicating the physiological size and conditions of blood vessels in the human body using low-cost components. This technique may serve as a new platform for studying and understanding drug targeting in the cardiovascular system and may improve the design of new injectable nanomedicines. Moreover, the presented approach may provide significant tools for the study of targeted delivery of different agents for cardiovascular diseases under patient-specific flow and physiological conditions.
Several approaches have recently been applied utilizing 3D models of human arteries1,2,3,4,5. These models replicate the physiological anatomy and environment of different arteries in the human body in vitro. However, they have been mainly used in cell biology studies. Current studies on vascular targeting of particles to the endothelium include in silico computational simulations6,7,8, in vit....
NOTE: This protocol describes the fabrication of a 3D model of the carotid artery and can be applied to generate any other artery of interest by simply modifying the geometric parameters.
1. Design and fabrication of a 3D bifurcation of the human carotid artery model
This paper presents a new protocol to map the deposition of particles inside real-sized 3D human artery models, which may provide a new platform for drug delivery research. Using a 3D printing technique, a model of the human carotid bifurcation artery was fabricated (Figure 2). The model was made of silicone rubber and seeded with human ECs (Figure 3). Importantly, this protocol enabled the replication of physiological conditions, especially with respect to flui.......
Current approaches to study vascular targeting of particles fall short in replicating the physiological conditions present in the human body. Presented here is a protocol to fabricate 3D-reconstructed models of human arteries to study particle targeting to the ECs lining the artery under physiological flow applied using a customized perfusion system. When choosing the material for 3D printing, it is best to use a clear plastic to avoid pigment transfer to the silicone model, which should be as transparent as possible. In.......
|Acetone, absolute (AR grade)
|Male Luer Integral Lock
|Nalgene Polycarbonate, Validation Bottle
|Nalgene Filling/Venting Closures
|Elastosil Elastosil RT 601 A
|Elastosil RT 601 B
|Endothelial Cell Media
|Isopropyl alcohol, AR grade 99.5%
|Remove plastic dust from the sanded model
|2X-Ultra cover Gloss Clear
|With 2 pumpheads: 313D
|Plastic tube clamp
|Diameter = 2 µm
|SolidWorks Corp., Dassault Systèmes
|Tubing for the pump: 6.4 mm ID
|All the other tubing: Silicon tubing: 4 mm ID
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