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Summary

Abstract

Introduction

Protocol

Representative Results

Discussion

Acknowledgements

Materials

References

Genetics

Chromosome Screening of Human Preimplantation Embryos by Using Spent Culture Medium: Sample Collection and Chromosomal Ploidy Analysis

Published: September 7th, 2021

DOI:

10.3791/62619

1Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University Third Hospital, 2National Clinical Research Center for Obstetrics and Gynecology(Peking University Third Hospital), 3Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Assisted Reproduction (Peking University), 4Beijing Key Laboratory of Reproductive Endocrinology and Assisted Reproductive Technology, 5Department of Clinical Research, Yikon Genomics Co. Ltd.
* These authors contributed equally

ERRATUM NOTICE

Important: There has been an erratum issued for this article. Read more …

The present study reports a protocol for chromosome screening of human embryos that uses spent culture medium, which avoids embryo biopsy and enables chromosome ploidy identification using NGS. The present article presents the detailed procedure, including the preparation of culture medium, whole genome amplification (WGA), next-generation sequencing (NGS) library preparation, and data analysis.

In clinical in vitro fertilization (IVF), the prevailing method for PGT-A requires biopsy of a few cells from the trophectoderm (TE). This is the lineage that forms the placenta. This method, however, requires specialized skills, is invasive, and suffers from false positives and negatives because the chromosome numbers in the TE and the inner cell mass (ICM), which develops into the fetus, are not always the same. NICS, a technology requiring sequencing of DNA that released into the culture medium from both TE and ICM, may offer a way out to these problems but has previously been shown to have limited efficacy. The present study reports the full protocol of NICS, which includes culture medium sampling methods, whole genome amplification (WGA) and library preparation, and NGS data analysis by analysis software. Considering the different cryopreservation times in different embryo laboratories, embryologists have two methods for collecting embryo culture medium that can be selected according to the actual conditions of the IVF laboratory.

Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) have been increasingly used for the treatment of infertility. However, the success rate of ART, such as IVF, has been limited, and the pregnancy loss rate is significantly higher than that of the normal population1. The main cause of these problems is chromosomal abnormalities, which commonly exist in preimplantation human embryos2. PGT-A is an effective method of screening embryos for chromosomal balance before implantation3,4. Some studies have proven that PGT-A can reduce the rate of abortion and improve the rate of pr....

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Ethical permission was acquired from the Ethics Committee of Peking University Third Hospital.

1. Preparation

NOTE: The required materials and equipment are listed in Table of Materials.

  1. Reagents
    1. Prewarm and equilibrate (balanced) 20-30 µL of gamete medium/fertilization medium and cleavage/blastocyst-stage culture medium (covered with mineral oil) and hyaluronidase (in a tightly capped tube) at 37 °C, 5% CO2

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The present study applied the proposed method to a patient. IRB approval and informed consent were obtained before the application of NICS analysis. The present study obtained 6 blastocysts from patients and performed NICS on all 6 embryos on day 4 to day 5 medium. Chromosome abnormalities caused by the parents' balanced translocation were detected in five of chromosomes with the NICS assay; therefore, they could not be used for transfer (Figure 4A-E). The NICS results o.......

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Modifications and troubleshooting

If the NICS results are contaminated with parental genetic materials, make sure all cumulus-corona radiata cells are removed and make sure ICSI is performed for fertilization. Improper medium storage or template preparation processes are avoided, which may degrade DNA. The working space was purified thoroughly with DNase and RNase decontamination reagents. To avoid contamination from other embryos, one embryo was always cultured in a single dr.......

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The authors would like to thank Shiping Bo and Shujie Ma for their assistance in NGS data analysis. Funding: this work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program (Grant No. 2018YFC1003100).

....

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Name Company Catalog Number Comments
1.5 mL EP tube, 0.2 mL PCR tube Axygen MCT-150-C, PCR-02-C DNase/RNase free, Low Binding PCR tubes and 1.5 mL micro-centrifuge tubes are recommended.
10 µL, 200 µL, 1000 µL DNase /RNase Free Tips Axygen T-300-R-S, T-200-Y-R-S, T-1000-B-R-S This can be replaced by other brand/For sample transfer
100 % ethanol Sinopharm Chemical 10009218 This can be replaced by other brand/For DNA library purification
Barcode Primer1-48 Yikon Genomics Reagent in NICSInst library preparation kit For library amplificaton
BD Falcon Organ Culture Dish, Sterile BD Bioscience 363037 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo culture
BD Falcon Tissue culture Dishes (Easy Grip) , Sterile BD Bioscience 353001 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo culture
BD Falcon Tissue culture Dishes, Sterile BD Bioscience 353002 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo culture
Cell Lysis Buffer Yikon Genomics Reagent in NICSInst library preparation kit For culture medium pre-treatment
Cell Lysis Enzyme Yikon Genomics Reagent in NICSInst library preparation kit For culture medium pre-treatment
ChromGo software Yikon Genomics Data analysis
CMPure Magbeads Yikon Genomics Reagent in NICSInst library preparation kit For library purification
Cryotop open systerm  KITAZATO BioPharma 81110 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo vitrification
Distill water Yikon Genomics Reagent in NICSInst library preparation kit To dissolve DNA
ES (Vitrification kit)  KITAZATO BioPharma Reagent inVitrification kit This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo vitrification
HOLDNIG ORIGIO MPH-MED-35 This can be replaced by other
brand/For ICSI
Hyaluronidase solution, 80 U/mL SAGE ART4007-A This can be replaced by other brand/Digest oocyte-corona-cumulus complex
ICSI ORIGIO MPH-35-35 This can be replaced by other brand/For ICSI
Illumina MiSeq® System Illumina SY-410-1001 For library sequencing
Incubator Labotect Inkubator C16 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo culture
Library buffer Yikon Genomics Reagent in NICSInst library preparation kit For library amplificaton
Library Enzyme Mix Yikon Genomics Reagent in NICSInst library preparation kit For library amplificaton
Magnetic Stand DynaMagTM-2 12321D For library purification
Microscope OLYMPUS 1X71 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo observation
Mini-centrifuge ESSENSCIEN ELF6 For separation
MT Enzyme Mix Yikon Genomics Reagent in NICSInst library preparation kit For culture medium pre-treatment
NICSInst library preparation kit Yikon Genomics KT1000800324 Whole genome amplification and library construction
NICSInst Sample Prep Station Yikon Genomics  ME1001003 Amplificate DNA
Nunc IVF 4-Well Dish Thermo Scientific 144444 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo washing and blastocyst culture
Pasteur Pipette Oirgio  MXL3-IND-135 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo tansfer
Pasteur pipettes ORIGIO PP-9-1000 This can be replaced by other brand/For IVF laboratory
Pre-Lib Buffer Yikon Genomics Reagent in NICSInst library preparation kit Pre-library preparation
Pre-Lib Enzyme Yikon Genomics Reagent in NICSInst library preparation kit Pre-library preparation
Qubit® 3.0 Fluorometer Thermo Scientific Q33216 For library quantification
Quinn's Advantage Blastocyst Medium SAGE ART-1029 For embryo blastocyst stage culture
Quinn's Advantage Cleavage Medium SAGE ART-1026 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo cleavage stage culture
Quinn's Advantage Fertilization Medium SAGE ART-1020 This can be replaced by other brand/For oocyte and sperm fertilization
Quinn's Advantage m-HTF Medium with HEPES SAGE ART-1023 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo clutrure
Quinn's Advantage SPS Serum protein Substitute Kit SAGE ART-3010 This can be replaced by other brand/To denude the oocyte
Quinn's Advantage Tissue culture mineral oil SAGE ART-4008P This can be replaced by other brand/To cover the culture medium
STRIPPER TIPS ORIGIO MXL3-IND-135 This can be replaced by other brand/For denudating granulosa cells
Vitrification Cryotop Open systerm KIZTAZATO 81111 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo vitrification
Vitrification kit  KITAZATO BioPharma VT101 This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo vitrification
Vortexer Qilinbeier DNYS8 Sample mix
VS (Vitrification kit)  KITAZATO BioPharma Reagent inVitrification kit This can be replaced by other brand/For embryo vitrification
ZILOS-tk Laser System Hamilton Thorne CLASS 1 laser This can be replaced by other brand/For artificial blastocoele collapse

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  2. Munne, S. Chromosome abnormalities and their relationship to morphology and development of human embryos. Reproductive BioMedicine Online. 12 (2), 234-253 (2006).
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  4. Hodes-Wertz, B. Idiopathic recurrent miscarriage is caused mostly by aneuploid embryos. Fertility and Sterility. 98 (3), 675-680 (2012).
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Erratum

Erratum: Chromosome Screening of Human Preimplantation Embryos by Using Spent Culture Medium: Sample Collection and Chromosomal Ploidy Analysis

An erratum was issued for: Chromosome Screening of Human Preimplantation Embryos by Using Spent Culture Medium: Sample Collection and Chromosomal Ploidy Analysis. The Protocol and Representaive Results sections were updated.

In the Protocol, step 3.8.2 was updated from:

After logging into the system, click Create Submission under the NICS tab. Then, select the sequencing platform, choose ChromInst for the reagent, enter the project information in the box under Project ID, set the analysis preferences and upload the files. Once all sequencing files are successfully uploaded, click Submit to start the analysis (Figure 3A).

to:

After logging into the system, click Create Submission under the NICS-A tab. Then, choose NGS for the platform, select corporation, choose ChromInst for the reagent, enter the project information in the box under Project ID, set the analysis preferences and upload the files. Once all sequencing files are successfully uploaded, click Submit to start the analysis (Figure 3A).

In the Representative Results, Figure 3 was updated from:

Figure 3
Figure 3. Data Analysis. (A) The page of Create Submission. There are different options for the user application. For sequencing platform, users can choose Illumina or Ion Torrent. For analysis criterion, there are two length detection resolution for selection, the whole chromosome and whole arm level. The users also can choose whether the mosaicism or gender information is reported. Finished the above parameter setting,click on the box under File upload and choose the appropriate sequencing files to upload. For Illumina, choose the files with an extension of fastq.gz. For Ion Torrent platform, choose files with an extension of bam. Click Submit to start the analysis after successfully upload. (B) The view of summary table. The summary table consists of following information: Sample Name: The name of each NICS sample is listed; Data QC: Indicates whether the sequencing file passes the QC for NICS analysis; Conclusion: Indicates whether the NICS analysis is normal or abnormal, "N/A" indicates no conclusive result is available; Gender: If the user chooses to report the sex information, this column will appear in the summary table; Karyotype: Shows the analysis results; CNV plot (Whole Genome): View the CNV profiles of all chromosomes; CNV plot (By Chromosome): View the CNV profiles of each chromosome. (C) The Save Report Page. Click Export report button next to the Summary of Results. Select the information you want to show on the final report and click Export. Select Save File in the appearing dialog window and then click OK. The reports will be saved to the Download folder of the computer. Please click here to view a larger version of this figure.

to:

Figure 3
Figure 3. Data Analysis. (A) There are different options for the user application. For sequencing platform corporation, users can choose Illumina, Ion Torrent or MGI. The users can choose whether the gender information is reported. Finished the above parameter setting, click on the box under File upload and choose the appropriate sequencing files to upload. For Illumina, choose the files with an extension of fastq.gz. Click Submit to start the analysis after successfully upload. (B) The view of summary table. The summary table consists of following information: Sample Name: The name of each NICS sample is listed; Data QC: Indicates whether the sequencing file passes the QC for NICS analysis; AI Rating: The rating (A, B or C) for each NICS sample; AI_Rating Interpretation: Evaluation of embryo implantation potential; AI Grading: The score for each NICS sample; CNV plot (Whole Genome): View the CNV profiles of all chromosomes; (C) The Save Report Page. Click Export report button next to the Summary of Results. Select the information you want to show on the final report and click Export. The reports will be saved to the Download folder of your computer. Please click here to view a larger version of this figure.

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