JoVE Logo
Faculty Resource Center

Sign In

Summary

Abstract

Introduction

Protocol

Representative Results

Discussion

Acknowledgements

Materials

References

Biology

Assessing Murine Resistance Artery Function Using Pressure Myography

Published: June 7th, 2013

DOI:

10.3791/50328

1Anesthesia Center for Critical Care Research, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School

In pressure myography, an intact small segment of a vessel is mounted onto two small cannulas and pressurized to a suitable luminal pressure. Here, we describe the method to measure vasorelaxation response of the mouse 3rd order mesenteric arteries in c57 and sGCα1-/- mice using pressure myography.

Pressure myograph systems are exquisitely useful in the functional assessment of small arteries, pressurized to a suitable transmural pressure. The near physiological condition achieved in pressure myography permits in-depth characterization of intrinsic responses to pharmacological and physiological stimuli, which can be extrapolated to the in vivo behavior of the vascular bed. Pressure myograph has several advantages over conventional wire myographs. For example, smaller resistance vessels can be studied at tightly controlled and physiologically relevant intraluminal pressures. Here, we study the ability of 3rd order mesenteric arteries (3-4 mm long), preconstricted with phenylephrine, to vaso-relax in response to acetylcholine. Mesenteric arteries are mounted on two cannulas connected to a pressurized and sealed system that is maintained at constant pressure of 60 mmHg. The lumen and outer diameter of the vessel are continuously recorded using a video camera, allowing real time quantification of the vasoconstriction and vasorelaxation in response to phenylephrine and acetylcholine, respectively.

To demonstrate the applicability of pressure myography to study the etiology of cardiovascular disease, we assessed endothelium-dependent vascular function in a murine model of systemic hypertension. Mice deficient in the α1 subunit of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGCα1-/-) are hypertensive when on a 129S6 (S6) background (sGCα1-/-S6) but not when on a C57BL/6 (B6) background (sGCα1-/-B6). Using pressure myography, we demonstrate that sGCα1-deficiency results in impaired endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation. The vascular dysfunction is more pronounced in sGCα1-/-S6 than in sGCα1-/-B6 mice, likely contributing to the higher blood pressure in sGCα1-/-S6 than in sGCα1-/-B6 mice.

Pressure myography is a relatively simple, but sensitive and mechanistically useful technique that can be used to assess the effect of various stimuli on vascular contraction and relaxation, thereby augmenting our insight into the mechanisms underlying cardiovascular disease.

Pressure myograph systems are used to measure the physiological function and properties of small arteries, veins and other vessels. An intact small segment of an artery or vein is mounted onto two small glass cannulas and pressurized to a suitable luminal pressure, allowing the vessel to maintain most of its in vivo characteristics (Figures 1 and 2). The near physiological condition in a pressure myograph reflects the in vivo behavior of the vascular bed, allowing the investigation of intrinsic properties (e.g. myogenic tone) of isolated vessels. Some of the advantages of pressure myography over wire myograp....

Log in or to access full content. Learn more about your institution’s access to JoVE content here

1. Preparation of Solution

  1. 500X EDTA stock: weigh 500 mg EDTA-Na2•2H2O and dissolve in 50 ml deionized water. Store at room temperature.
  2. KCl depolarizing solution.
    1. Prepare K10X stock solution: 3.69 g NaCl, 18.64 g KCl, 0.36 g MgSO4 anhydrous, 0.41 g KH2PO4, 0.46 g CaCl2•2H2O. Dissolve in 250 ml deionized water. Store at room temperature.
    2. For 100 ml final KCl depolarizing solution 1X: D.......

Log in or to access full content. Learn more about your institution’s access to JoVE content here

NO is centrally involved in maintenance of blood pressure homeostasis both in humans 6 and in animal models 7. The ability of NO to control vascular smooth muscle relaxation is mediated by soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), a heme-containing heterodimeric enzyme that generates cGMP 8. Recently, a blood pressure-modifying genetic variant was identified in a locus that contains the sGCα1 and sGCβ1 genes, illustrating the relevance of sGC in regulating blood pr.......

Log in or to access full content. Learn more about your institution’s access to JoVE content here

Mice are the experimental model of choice for many investigators, in part because of the possibility to introduce genetic modifications, thereby generating mouse models for human pathophysiology. The vasoactive status of small resistance but not of larger conduit vessels largely defines the regulation of blood flow throughout the vascular system 11. The size of resistance arteries in small animals, such as mice, prevents the use of a wire myograph to study microvascular function. Pressure myographs not only ov.......

Log in or to access full content. Learn more about your institution’s access to JoVE content here

Authors would like to acknowledge Drs. Paul Huang and Dmitriy Atochin for use of DMT pressure myograph and Drs. Binglan Yu and Chong Lei for providing mice fed with high fat diet or standard diet.

Sources of Funding

This work was supported by Scientist Development Grant 10SDG2610313 from the American Heart Association (to E. S. Buys), and an Eleanor and Miles Shore 50th Anniversary Fellowship program for Scholars in Medicine from Harvard Medical School (to E. S. Buys).

....

Log in or to access full content. Learn more about your institution’s access to JoVE content here

Name Company Catalog Number Comments
Name Company Cataloge No.
NaCl Fisher Scientific BP358
CaCl2 (2H2O) Fisher Scientific C79-500
KCl Sigma P9333
MgSO4 Fisher Scientific M65-500
KH2PO4 Sigma P3786
NaHCO3 Fisher Scientific BP328
NaOH Fisher Scientific S318
D-Glucose Sigma G8270
EDTA Fisher Scientific BP121
HEPES Sigma H3375
Phenylephrine Acros Organics AC20724
Acetylcholine Sigma A6625
Pressure Myograph System DMT

  1. Bridges, L. E., Williams, C. L., Pointer, M. A., Awumey, E. M. Mesenteric artery contraction and relaxation studies using automated wire myography. J. Vis .Exp. (55), e3119 (2011).
  2. Arribas, S. M., Daly, C. J., McGrath, I. C. Measurements of vascular remodeling by confocal microscopy. Methods Enzymol. 307, 246-273 (1999).
  3. Lei, C., Yu, B., et al. Inhaled Nitric Oxide Attenuates the Adverse Effects of Transfusing Stored Syngeneic Erythrocytes in Mice with Endothelial Dysfunction after Hemorrhagic Shock. Anesthesiology. , (2012).
  4. Buys, E. S., Cauwels, A., et al. sGCα1β1 attenuates cardiac dysfunction and mortality in murine inflammatory shock models. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 297 (2), H654-H663 (2009).
  5. Buys, E. S., Sips, P., et al. Gender-specific hypertension and responsiveness to nitric oxide in sGCα1 knockout mice. Cardiovasc. Res. 79 (1), 179-186 (2008).
  6. Panza, J. A., Quyyumi, A. A., Brush, J. E., Epstein, S. E. Abnormal endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation in patients with essential hypertension. N. Engl. J. Med. 323 (1), 22-27 (1990).
  7. Huang, P. L., Huang, Z., et al. Hypertension in mice lacking the gene for endothelial nitric oxide synthase. Nature. 377 (6546), 239-242 (1995).
  8. Friebe, A., Koesling, D. The function of NO-sensitive guanylyl cyclase: what we can learn from genetic mouse models. Nitric Oxide. 21 (3-4), 149-156 (2009).
  9. Ehret, G. B., Munroe, P. B., et al. Genetic variants in novel pathways influence blood pressure and cardiovascular disease risk. Nature. 478 (7367), 103-109 (2011).
  10. Buys, E. S., Raher, M. J., et al. Genetic modifiers of hypertension in soluble guanylate cyclase alpha1-deficient mice. J. Clin. Invest. 122 (6), 2316-2325 (2012).
  11. Kauffenstein, G., Laher, I., Matrougui, K., Guerineau, N. C., Henrion, D. Emerging role of G protein-coupled receptors in microvascular myogenic tone. Cardiovascular Research. 95 (2), 223-232 (2012).
  12. Ruilope, L. M. Hypertension in 2010: Blood pressure and the kidney. Nat. Rev. Nephrol. 7 (2), 73-74 (2011).
  13. Michael, S. K., Surks, H. K., et al. High blood pressure arising from a defect in vascular function. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105 (18), 6702-6707 (2008).
  14. Mendelsohn, M. E. In hypertension, the kidney is not always the heart of the matter. J. Clin. Invest. 115 (4), 840-844 (2005).

This article has been published

Video Coming Soon

JoVE Logo

Privacy

Terms of Use

Policies

Research

Education

ABOUT JoVE

Copyright © 2024 MyJoVE Corporation. All rights reserved