Published: July 27th, 2016
MicroRNAs play an important regulatory role and are emerging as novel therapeutic targets for various human diseases. It has been shown that miRNAs are carried in high density lipoproteins. We have developed a simplified method to rapidly isolate purified HDL suitable for miRNA analysis from human plasma.
Small non-coding RNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in a variety of human diseases including metabolic syndromes. They may be utilized as biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis or may serve as targets for drug development, respectively. Recently it has been shown that miRNAs are carried in lipoproteins, particularly high density lipoproteins (HDL) and are delivered to recipient cells for uptake. This raises the possibility that miRNAs play a critical and pivotal role in cellular and organ function via regulation of gene expression as well as messenger for cell-cell communications and crosstalk between organs. Current methods for miRNA isolation from purified HDL are impractical when utilizing small samples on a large scale. This is largely due to the time consuming and laborious methods used for lipoprotein isolation. We have developed a simplified approach to rapidly isolate purified HDL suitable for miRNA analysis from plasma samples. This method should facilitate investigations into the role of miRNAs in health and disease and in particular provide new insights into the variety of biological functions, outside of the reverse cholesterol transport, that have been ascribed to HDL. Also, the miRNA species which are present in HDL can provide valuable information of clinical biomarkers for diagnosis of various diseases.
MicroRNAs are endogenous non-coding tiny RNA species that are highly conserved and are considered key players in the regulation of various biological processes by degrading or repressing specific target messenger RNAs1. Because miRNAs act intracellularly they have been explored as tissue-derived biomarkers which led to the discovery of tissue-specific functions of these miRNA. However, miRNAs are also found extracellularly either associated with proteins or in exosomes/micro vesicles that effectively can shield them from degradation by extracellular RNases2. More recent studies have shown that the protective effect of HDL may not be closely linke....
1. Collection of Blood Samples
Isolation of High Density Lipoprotein After Removal of Exosomes
To obtain miRNA from highly purified HDL it is necessary to remove exosomes that represent a source of miRNA contamination7. This was done prior to density gradient ultracentrifugation with a commercially available kit. For practical purposes a three step standard density gradient ultracentrifugation protocol developed by commercial company was modified (Figure 1
Identification of novel biomarkers from blood will aid in the clinical diagnosis and prognosis of various diseases. MicroRNAs have known to possess all the qualities of biomarkers and have been shown in various studies 14-17. In this study we have demonstrated rapid and simple easy method to isolate miRNA from plasma HDL. Conventional density gradient ultra-centrifugation method of isolation of VLDL, LDL and HDL depends on accurate sampling of plasma, precise preparation of the buffer solution, measurement of .......
This work was supported, in whole or in part, by NIH Grants R01 AA 020758-04, U01DK 061731-13 and T32 DK 007150-38 to AJS and T32 DK 007150-38 to AA. This is original work and is not under consideration elsewhere for publication.....
|Plastic Vacutainer Lavender K2EDTA tubes
|Becton, Dickinson and Company
|Thermo Scientific, Sorvall Legend X1R
|Densito 30PX densitometer
|Polycarbonate thick-walled ultracentrifuge tube
|Sorvall WX100 ultracentrifuge
|Fat Red 7B
|Amicon Ultra-15 Centrifugal filter devices 10K
|Amicon Ultra-centrifugal filter devices 3K
|QuickGel Lipo kit
|Human lipoprotein standards for VLDL, LDL and HDL
|LipoTrol; Helena Laboratories
|Rep Prep buffer
|RNeasy MinElute spin columns
|NanoDrop 1000 analyzer
|miScript II RT Kit
|CFX96 Touch real-time PCR detection system
|miRNeasy Serum/Plasma Kit
|miScript Primer Assays
|miScript SYBR Green PCR Kit
|miRNeasy Serum/Plasma Spike-In Control
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